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Iran and the USA on the Verge of Reaching a Limited Agreement

Fada-Hossein Maleki, a member of Iran's Parliament's National Security and Foreign Policy Commission, revealed that direct negotiations with the United States have been taking place and have yielded some positive outcomes. He criticized the US for its inconsistent approach to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). At the same time, Iran has maintained a clear and unwavering policy based on its strategic action law. Maleki highlighted the importance of the Supreme Leader's guidance and recent meetings with Omani officials in pursuing Iran's interests. Regarding negotiations, he emphasized that Iran has not left the negotiation room, despite temporarily leaving the table, and is engaged in discussions on specific issues such as the release of blocked funds and prisoners.

In this regard, Heshmatollah Falahatpisheh, the former head of the Foreign Policy and National Security Committee, claimed that Tehran and Washington are willing to agree to an "unwritten deal” since both sides agree that the JCPOA can't" be revived. "This means that the American side will no longer enforce the 'maximum pressure' policy, close its eyes to some of Iran's energy deals, and permit the release of Iran's frozen funds in return for Iran refraining from expanding its uranium enrichment more than the current level.” Falahatpisheh also said the US might agree to Iran selling one million barrels of oil daily.

During a gathering of Iranian nuclear scientists and officials in Tehran on June 12, Khamenei expressed that Iran would be open to a deal with the West if it does not affect its nuclear infrastructure. He emphasized the Islamic principle that opposes the development of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear and chemical arms. Khamenei stated, "If this Islamic belief did not exist and we had wanted to build nuclear weapons, we would have done so. The enemies know that they could not have done anything to stop us."

Refuting speculation about an interim agreement with the US, Iran's foreign ministry spokesman, Nasser Kanaani, stated on June 13 that there were no ongoing negotiations for such a deal or any new arrangements to replace the nuclear agreement. However, he hinted at the possibility of a "deal" by acknowledging that Tehran and Washington might be "very close to exchanging prisoners," although he refrained from providing further details. Meanwhile, a senior Iraqi official revealed that Iraq had obtained a sanctions waiver from the US to settle a $2.7 billion debt owed to Iran for gas and electricity.

The release of Iranian frozen funds in Iraq and South Korea could serve as a bargaining chip for the liberation of American and other Western hostages held by Iran, potentially forming part of a broader negotiation on a limited and informal nuclear deal. According to the New York Times, Iran would cease its proxy groups' attacks on US interests in Iraq and Syria. Under the agreement, Iran would not enrich uranium beyond 60 percent.

Fada-Hossein Maleki: direct talks with the USA yielded positive results positive


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